DIURNAL AND SEASONAL VARIATION OF MEASURED ATMOSPHERIC CO2 AT DEHRADUN DURING 2009
- 1National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad, India
- 2Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun, India
Keywords: Carbon Dioxide, photosynthesis, soil respiration, Net Ecosystem Productivity, Net primary Productivity, Indian summer monsoon
Abstract. Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) is the major greenhouse gas. We analysed the diurnal trend and seasonal variations of atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (CO2) measured at Dehradun during 2009. The measurements are taken from the Vaisala CO2 probe installed at the top of the IIRS building. A distinct diurnal cycle with seasonal variations is present in these measurements. Diurnal cycle exhibits a half sinusoidal variation with decreasing phase during sunrise to afternoon and increasing phase during afternoon to sunset. CO2 mostly remains constant with higher values during the night. The largest negative anomaly with respect to the annual mean varies between +/-20 ppmv with positive anomaly during the night time and negative anomaly during the day time. The cause of such variation could be attributed to the local ecosystem activity. During the day time the sinking of CO2 through the photosynthesis dominates its release through autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration. On the other hand, photosynthesis has been ceased during the night time and respiration only controls the night variation of CO2.There exists significant change on the diurnal cycle of CO2 in different seasons during the year. The maximum rapid decrease in CO2 concentration in early morning hours is due to photosynthetic activity during the monsoon periods (maximum in August -8ppm). During monsoon period rapid night time increase of CO2 is observed due to the enhancement of respiration. An inverse relationship exist between model simulated net ecosystem productivity and CO2 deviations on monthly basis. This diurnal and seasonal variations in situ CO2 are in confirmation with model simulated results.