OPTIMIZING TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING MEASUREMENT SET-UP
- Remote Sensing Department (RS)) Delft University of Technology Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft, The Netherlands
Keywords: Laser scanning, point cloud, error, noise level, accuracy, optimal stand-point
Abstract. One of the main applications of the terrestrial laser scanner is the visualization, modeling and monitoring of man-made structures like buildings. Especially surveying applications require on one hand a quickly obtainable, high resolution point cloud but also need observations with a known and well described quality. To obtain a 3D point cloud, the scene is scanned from different positions around the considered object. The scanning geometry plays an important role in the quality of the resulting point cloud. The ideal set-up for scanning a surface of an object is to position the laser scanner in such a way that the laser beam is near perpendicular to the surface. Due to scanning conditions, such an ideal set-up is in practice not possible. The different incidence angles and ranges of the laser beam on the surface result in 3D points of varying quality. The stand-point of the scanner that gives the best accuracy is generally not known. Using an optimal stand-point of the laser scanner on a scene will improve the quality of individual point measurements and results in a more uniform registered point cloud. The design of an optimum measurement setup is deﬁned such that the optimum stand-points are identiﬁed to fulﬁll predeﬁned quality requirements and to ensure a complete spatial coverage. The additional incidence angle and range constraints on the visibility from a view point ensure that individual scans are not affected by bad scanning geometry effects. A complex and large room that would normally require ﬁve view point to be fully covered, would require nineteen view points to obtain full coverage under the range and incidence angle constraints.