ADVANCED PROCEDURE FOR THE MONITORING OF SETTLEMENT AND OPEN SPACE DEVELOPMENT ON BASIS OF TOPOGRAPHICAL GEODATA SETS IN THE IOER-MONITOR
- Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Weberplatz 1, 01217 Dresden/Germany
Keywords: Land Use Monitoring, Basic Topographic Geodata, Settlement Analysis, GIS, Automatic Calculation, Sustainability Indicators, Topographic Raster Maps
Abstract. Concept, Procedures and Results of the Monitor of settlement and open space development are presented. The monitoring system will describe the state and the development of land use especially in regard to its sustainability for the entire Federal Republic of Germany. To this end, for the first time ever it makes use of topographical geobasis data (digital landscape model of the Authoritative Topographic-Cartographic Information System, short ATKIS). These data allow for a more precise spatial and contentwise description of land use than that of the land register data, which serve as the basis for the official land use statistics. On the basis of the geobasis data an automatic calculation of indicators from the fields of settlement, open space, nature reserves, population, traffic occurs and landscape fragmentation. The indicators are depicted in thematic maps, thus allowing for spatial and chronological comparisons. In addition to administrative spatial units (federal state, region, district, municipality), the indicator values are also presented in scales of various cell widths. For calculating building-based settlement indicators, the patented program SEMENTA® is used, which is based on an automated evaluation of analogue maps.