Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXVIII-4/W19, 303-308, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-4-W19-303-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
07 Sep 2012
KALMAN FILTER BASED FEATURE ANALYSIS FOR TRACKING PEOPLE FROM AIRBORNE IMAGES
B. Sirmacek and P. Reinartz German Aerospace Center (DLR), Remote Sensing Technology Institute PO Box 1116, 82230, Wessling, Germany
Keywords: Image sequences, Airborne images, People tracking, Tracking multiple objects, Feature extraction, Feature tracking, Kalman filtering, Object detection Abstract. Recently, analysis of man events in real-time using computer vision techniques became a very important research field. Especially, understanding motion of people can be helpful to prevent unpleasant conditions. Understanding behavioral dynamics of people can also help to estimate future states of underground passages, shopping center like public entrances, or streets. In order to bring an automated solution to this problem, we propose a novel approach using airborne image sequences. Although airborne image resolutions are not enough to see each person in detail, we can still notice a change of color components in the place where a person exists. Therefore, we propose a color feature detection based probabilistic framework in order to detect people automatically. Extracted local features behave as observations of the probability density function (pdf) of the people locations to be estimated. Using an adaptive kernel density estimation method, we estimate the corresponding pdf. First, we use estimated pdf to detect boundaries of dense crowds. After that, using background information of dense crowds and previously extracted local features, we detect other people in non-crowd regions automatically for each image in the sequence. We benefit from Kalman filtering to track motion of detected people. To test our algorithm, we use a stadium entrance image data set taken from airborne camera system. Our experimental results indicate possible usage of the algorithm in real-life man events. We believe that the proposed approach can also provide crucial information to police departments and crisis management teams to achieve more detailed observations of people in large open area events to prevent possible accidents or unpleasant conditions.
Conference paper (PDF, 2208 KB)


Citation: Sirmacek, B. and Reinartz, P.: KALMAN FILTER BASED FEATURE ANALYSIS FOR TRACKING PEOPLE FROM AIRBORNE IMAGES, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXVIII-4/W19, 303-308, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-4-W19-303-2011, 2011.

BibTeX EndNote Reference Manager XML