Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXVIII-4/W19, 181-186, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-4-W19-181-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
07 Sep 2012
CLASSIFICATION ACCURACY INCREASE USING MULTISENSOR DATA FUSION
A. Makarau, G. Palubinskas, and P. Reinartz German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD) bzw. Remote Sensing Technology Institute (IMF) 82234 Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
Keywords: Multispectral image, VNIR data, WorldView-2, SAR, TerraSAR-X, data fusion, classification, very high resolution Abstract. The practical use of very high resolution visible and near-infrared (VNIR) data is still growing (IKONOS, Quickbird, GeoEye-1, etc.) but for classification purposes the number of bands is limited in comparison to full spectral imaging. These limitations may lead to the confusion of materials such as different roofs, pavements, roads, etc. and therefore may provide wrong interpretation and use of classification products. Employment of hyperspectral data is another solution, but their low spatial resolution (comparing to multispectral data) restrict their usage for many applications. Another improvement can be achieved by fusion approaches of multisensory data since this may increase the quality of scene classification. Integration of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and optical data is widely performed for automatic classification, interpretation, and change detection. In this paper we present an approach for very high resolution SAR and multispectral data fusion for automatic classification in urban areas. Single polarization TerraSAR-X (SpotLight mode) and multispectral data are integrated using the INFOFUSE framework, consisting of feature extraction (information fission), unsupervised clustering (data representation on a finite domain and dimensionality reduction), and data aggregation (Bayesian or neural network). This framework allows a relevant way of multisource data combination following consensus theory. The classification is not influenced by the limitations of dimensionality, and the calculation complexity primarily depends on the step of dimensionality reduction. Fusion of single polarization TerraSAR-X, WorldView-2 (VNIR or full set), and Digital Surface Model (DSM) data allow for different types of urban objects to be classified into predefined classes of interest with increased accuracy. The comparison to classification results of WorldView-2 multispectral data (8 spectral bands) is provided and the numerical evaluation of the method in comparison to other established methods illustrates the advantage in the classification accuracy for many classes such as buildings, low vegetation, sport objects, forest, roads, rail roads, etc.
Conference paper (PDF, 2103 KB)


Citation: Makarau, A., Palubinskas, G., and Reinartz, P.: CLASSIFICATION ACCURACY INCREASE USING MULTISENSOR DATA FUSION, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXVIII-4/W19, 181-186, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-4-W19-181-2011, 2011.

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