Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXIX-B8, 121-125, 2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
28 Jul 2012
N. Larsen1, J. Kumer2, R. Rairden2, and K. Jablonski3 1Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories, 4301 N Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA, USA
2Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA
3Lockheed Martin ISGS, Valley Forge, PA, USA
Keywords: Exploration, Oceans, Aerial, Hyper Spectral, Detection, Sensor, Algorithms Abstract. Because it is a greenhouse gas, the detection of methane concentrations is a global issue. Additionally, the presence of methane is indicative of potential valuable petroleum and natural gas deposits. Therefore methane seep detection is useful for petroleum exploration around the world. The detection of methane, and other absorbing gases, over water is an issue for passive systems because one is seeking to detect an absorbing gas over an absorbing surface. The solution to this dilemma is to use the sun/sensor geometry for sun glint off of water to measure the absorbing gas over a reflecting surface, and therefore significantly increase the signal to noise of the measurement being taken. In September of 2010 Lockheed Martin performed a proof of concept by demonstrating from an airship over San Francisco Bay the capability of the Tropospheric Infrared Mapping Spectrometer's (TIMS) hyper spectral sensor to passively measure methane, CO, and water vapor over sunglint water. The Lockheed Martin prototype TIMS sensor system is a hyper spectral grating spectrometer instrument that operates in the 2.3 micron spectral region at 0.25 cm-1 resolution. The Lockheed Martin retrieval algorithm developed applies the kCARTA (kCompressed Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Algorithm) with Jacobians, with the HITRAN 2008 lineshape parameters, to retrieve the total column amount of atmospheric species along with the calibrated TIMS sensors radiometric input. A cell with known amount of methane was placed into the input to the TIMS to simulate atmospheric enhancements near the water surface. The amount in the cell was retrieved well within the uncertainty of 1% of the amount in the cell. Multi frame retrievals on data in which the cell was not placed into the input beam demonstrated 1% precision. In addition, in situ surface measurements were done over a landfill park, where measurements of methane were taken over known hotspots. This research allows for the future development of a system to measure methane, and other gases, for climate and petroleum exploration capabilities.
Conference paper (PDF, 663 KB)

Citation: Larsen, N., Kumer, J., Rairden, R., and Jablonski, K.: TOTAL COLUMN METHANE RETRIEVALS USING THE TROPOSPHERIC INFRARED MAPPING SPECTROMETER OVER SUNGLINT, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXIX-B8, 121-125,, 2012.

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