The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XXXIX-B7
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXIX-B7, 157–162, 2012
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXIX-B7, 157–162, 2012

  31 Jul 2012

31 Jul 2012


Q. Tian Q. Tian
  • International Institute for Earth System Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China

Keywords: Hyper spectral, Land, Sea, Oil-gas reservoir, Detection

Abstract. Oil-gas reservoir exploration using hyperspectral remote sensing, which based on the theory of hydrocarbon microseepage information and fine spectral response of target, is a new direction for the application of remote sensing technology. In this paper, Qaidam Basin and Liaodong Bay in China were selected as the study areas. Based on the hydrocarbon microseepage theory, the analysis of crude oil in soil in Qaidam Basin and spectral experiment of crude oil in sea water in Liaodong Bay, Hyperion hyperspectral remote sensing images were used to develop the method of oil-gas exploration. The results indicated that the area of oil-gas reservoir in Qaidam Basin could be delimited in two ways: the oil-gas reservoir can be obtained directly by the absorption bands near 1730nm in Hyperion image; and Linear Spectral Unmixing (LSU) and Spectral Angle Matching (SAM) of alteration mineral (e.g. kaolinite, illite) could be used to indirectly detect the target area in Qaidam Basin. In addition, combined with the optimal bands in the region of visible/near-infrared, SAM was used to extract the thin oil slick of microseepage in Liaodong Bay. Then the target area of oil-gas reservoir in Liaodong Bay can be delineated.