MULTI-TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF LANDSCAPES AND URBAN AREAS
- 3D Optical Metrology (3DOM) unit, Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Trento, Italy
Keywords: Multi-temporal, Land Use, Photogrammetry, Aerial Imagery, Orthorectification, Databases
Abstract. This article presents a 4D modelling approach that employs multi-temporal and historical aerial images to derive spatio-temporal information for scenes and landscapes. Such imagery represent a unique data source, which combined with photo interpretation and reality-based 3D reconstruction techniques, can offer a more complete modelling procedure because it adds the fourth dimension of time to 3D geometrical representation and thus, allows urban planners, historians, and others to identify, describe, and analyse changes in individual scenes and buildings as well as across landscapes. Particularly important to this approach are historical aerial photos, which provide data about the past that can be collected, processed, and then integrated as a database. The proposed methodology employs both historical (1945) and more recent (1973 and 2000s) aerial images from the Trentino region in North-eastern Italy in order to create a multi-temporal database of information to assist researchers in many disciplines such as topographic mapping, geology, geography, architecture, and archaeology as they work to reconstruct building phases and to understand landscape transformations (Fig. 1).