Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXIX-B4, 543-548, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXIX-B4-543-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
01 Aug 2012
WEB MAPPING SERVICES IN A CROWDSOURCE ENVIRONMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT: STATE-OF-THE-ART AND FURTHER DEVELOPMENT
P. Boccardo1 and P. Pasquali2 1Politecnico di Torino, DIST (Dipartimento Interateneo Di Scienze, Progetto e Politiche Del Territorio), viale Matteoli 39, 10125 Torino, Italy
2ITHACA Information Technology for Humanitarian Assistance, Cooperation and Action, via P.C. Boggio 61, 10139 Torino, Italy
Keywords: GIS, Impact Analysis, Interoperability, Mapping, Spatial Infrastructures, Web based Abstract. The Haiti earthquake in 2010 has been considered a turning point in disaster response because of the support provided by collaborative communities such as OpenStreetMap, Ushahidi, CrisisMappers, Google MapMaker and others. Taking advantage of post-disaster satellite imagery these virtual communities were able to give an impressive contribution in mapping affected areas and in damage assessment. Nowadays the crowd sourcing, whether made of experts or not, can play an important role in preparedness and disaster response. In recent years the increase of web applications’ capabilities have enabled more efficient crowd sourcing of environmental data. The most successful integration of tools and data between organizations, institutions or even individuals, happens when the most open standards for interoperability are adopted, such as Web Mapping Services and Web Feature Services, defined by the Open Geospatial Consortium. In order to be widely accepted, the applications should be likely open source. It is unlikely that a single platform can fit every need or terms of use can be broadly accepted (e.g. data ownership). Therefore some organizations could prefer having more control on the application by downloading and running it as their own shared data repository and possibly as a hub for external contributors. Nevertheless, other users could prefer to access to a hosted site where they can simply upload and share their contributions. This paper will illustrate the GeoNode open source application and the principles behind the developing of a community. GeoNode is an example of how an application can be use as a global platform or as a distributed data node to promote the collaborative use of spatial data.
Conference paper (PDF, 6143 KB)


Citation: Boccardo, P. and Pasquali, P.: WEB MAPPING SERVICES IN A CROWDSOURCE ENVIRONMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT: STATE-OF-THE-ART AND FURTHER DEVELOPMENT, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXIX-B4, 543-548, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXIX-B4-543-2012, 2012.

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