DESIGN OF LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR CLIMATE CHANGE RISK IN MONGOLIA
- 1Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, Endo 5322 Fujisawa Kanagawa, 252-0816, Japan
- 2Faculty of Environment and Information Studies, Keio University, Endo 5322 Fujisawa Kanagawa, 252-0816, Japan
Keywords: Bayan Sum, Mongolia, WebGIS, Climate Change, Early Adaptation
Abstract. In Mongolia, from 1999 to 2001 and 2009 to 2010, about 10 million livestock animals were seriously died due to starvation and the cold by effects of overgrazing and Zud: extreme snow in winter season. Thus, it is required to reduce its risk by controlling number of overwinter livestock animals. In order to do that, it is required to simulate how many animals do herders have to sell followed by carrying capacity. In order to avoid climate risk, it is necessary to manage farming comprehensively and control livestock numbers. Nevertheless it needs to consider about management, we have to research information about each management under different conditions of each area in all Mongolia. Thus, it needs to survey livestock management workflows of regional administration and GIS data about rangeland areas and their attributes in order to evaluate their nomadic life and their livestock objectively. It is essential to use some tools that have the function of processing the spatial data. It could cover wide areas and have different abilities for spatial relations. To solve this problem; we analyzed management workflows of herder and regional administration working in Mongolia, and designed a hierarchical structure of tables and data layers with the relational database. With this structure, we developed the structure of a WebGIS tool on the Adobe Flex platform for livestock management visually. It will be also useful for them to improve the accountability of activities. This system is a versatile WebGIS tool which can interact with various spatial scales.