DIGITAL TWIN CREATION FOR SLUMS IN BRAZIL BASED ON UAV DATA
Keywords: Informal settlements, 3D building reconstruction/modelling, Digital Twins, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), Point clouds
Abstract. Favelas are the most common type of informal settlements found in Brazil. The Housing Secretariat, City Hall, Sao Paulo, has conducted surveys using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for the favelas to facilitate the slum upgrading projects and has taken the initiative to create a digital twin of the slum areas. This study illustrates the feasibility of developing a methodological workflow to create a digital twin by automatic 3D building reconstruction in slums from the UAV point cloud and the 2D building footprints with a continuous link for updating the building semantic information. This study focuses on facilitating data integration and updating the semantic information into the 3D model to provide additional information about the individual buildings in the slums. The assessments concluded that the proposed workflow is suitable for creating digital twins for slums based on the UAV and 2D cadastral data. However, the 3D slum model had a few limitations, which are discussed in this paper.