3D AIR POLLUTION COMPUTATIONAL FLUID MODELLING DATA ANALYSIS USING TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING (TLS) AND UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) APPROACH
- 13D GIS Research Lab, Faculty of Built Environment & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
- 2Geoinformation, Faculty of Built Environment & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, CFD, 3D Building Model, Air Pollution
Abstract. Air pollution is a global event that can harm the environment and people. It is recommended that effective management be implemented to allow for the sustainable development of a specific area. The 3D building model is employed in the study to support air pollution modelling for this purpose. A proper mode of data acquisition is required to produce the building model. Many data acquisition (Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) approaches can be utilized, but the most appropriate one for the use in outdoor air pollution is needed. This is because it can assist in providing precise data for the modelling of a 3D building while maintaining the shape and geometry of the real-world structure. The accurate data can support modelling of surrounding air pollution concerning wind data and surrounding conditions, where different generated structures can influence the flow of the pollutants. The suitable model can be determined by using suitability analysis and with the implementation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation. However, from these, no specific technique is chosen because the generated models presented incomplete model. Hence, it is suggested to combine both techniques to acquire building data as the missing surfaces from each technique can be completed by another technique. Thus, this study provides a good reference for responsible agencies or researchers in selecting the best technique for modelling the building model in air pollution-related studies.