COMPARISON OF SEGMENTATION METHODS USED FOR BONE FRACTURE IMAGES
- 1Karabük University, Computer Engineering Department, Karabük, Turkey
- 2Karabük University, Medical Engineering Department, Karabük, Turkey
Keywords: Bone Fracture, Image Processing, Segmentation Methods, Thresholding, Fracture Diagnosis
Abstract. The usage of computers and software in the biomedical field has been increasing and applications for doctors, clinicians, scientists and other users have been developed in the recent times. Manual, semi-automatic and fully automatic applications developed for bone fracture detection are one of the important studies in this field. Image segmentation, which is one of the image preprocessing steps in bone fracture detection, is an important step to obtain successful results with high accuracy. In this study, Otsu thresholding method, active contour method, k-means method, fuzzy c-mean method, Niblack thresholding method and max min thresholding range (MMTR) method are used on bone images obtained by Karabük University Training and Research Hospital. When any filters are not applied on images to remove noises, the most successful method is obtained by K-means method based on specificity and accuracy as 89,55% and 83,31% respectively. Niblack thresholding method has the highest sensitivity result as 92,45%.