EVALUATION OF 3D BUILDING MODEL USING TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING AND DRONE PHOTOGRAMMETRY
Keywords: UAV Photogrammetry, Terrestrial Laser Scanning, 3D Digital Modelling, Point Cloud, Building
Abstract. The objective of our study is the evaluation of the 3D modeling of buildings and the extraction of structural elements from point clouds obtained using two acquisition techniques (drone and terrestrial laser scanner), as well as the evaluation of the usefulness of their integration. The drone shooting mission was carried using the DJI Phantom 3 Professional and the Sony EXMOR 1/2.3" CMOS RGB camera. For the TLS scanning mission, 9 scanning stations were performed using the FARO Focus S350 laser scanner.
To allow the fusion of the two point clouds obtained from drone imagery and TLS, an alignment step is applied. This step was performed using the Iterative Closest Point algorithm. Segmentation was performed using the adapted RANSAC algorithm on point clouds obtained from the drone mission and the TLS mission as well as on the merged point cloud in order to extract structural elements of the building such as windows, doors and stairs. Analysis of the results emphasizes the importance of TLS and drone in 3D modeling. TLS gave better results than the drone in extracting structural elements. This work confirms the importance of complementarity between these two technologies to produce detailed, complete and precise 3D models.