The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Articles | Volume XLVI-4/W3-2021
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLVI-4/W3-2021, 273–280, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLVI-4-W3-2021-273-2022
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLVI-4/W3-2021, 273–280, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLVI-4-W3-2021-273-2022
 
11 Jan 2022
11 Jan 2022

CARTOGRAPHY AND MAPPING FOR PRECISION HEALTH: REVIEW OF ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS FOR DISEASE MAPPING

M. N. Ramli1, A. R. Abdul Rasam1,2, and M. A. Rosly1 M. N. Ramli et al.
  • 1Centre of Studies for Surveying Science and Geomatics, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 2Environmental and Social Health Research Group, Health and Wellbeing Research Community, Universiti Teknologi Mara, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Keywords: Cartography, Geospatial Mapping, Precision Health, Disease Mapping

Abstract. A well-developed healthcare system, decent access to clean water and sanitation, and programmes to eliminate poverty and build modern infrastructure are essential components to create healthier Malaysia's population. Non-communicable diseases currently account for most of the mortality and morbidity, although communicable diseases such as dengue fever, avian flu and covid-19 still pose a threat. The World Health Organization (WHO) identified COVID-19 is a rare pneumonia disease that originated in Wuhan, on January 12, 2020, before it became an outbreak in all countries including Malaysia. The requirement of a precise mapping and Cartography for the accurate disease mapping and data management are crucial due to a precise map gives higher resolution of the data and for more specific data analysis, interpretation and decision making process. In Malaysia, there no specific report on precise mapping for health applications, and it is therefore this paper is to identify the potential criteria and factors needed for precise health mapping applications. A precise health mapping is essential to create a precise risk map towards the surveillance and signal detection, predicting future risk, targeted interventions, and understanding disease phenomena.