A SENSOR NETWORK BASED ON IOT AND ISTSOS TO ANALYSE THE CATCH BASIN ENVIRONMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE AE. ALBOPICTUS EXPANSION IN SWITZERLAND
- 1Institute of Earth Sciences, SUPSI, Mendrisio, Switzerland
- 2Laboratory of applied microbiology, SUPSI, Mendrisio, Switzerland
Keywords: istSOS, SOS, IoT, LoRa
Abstract. The continuous expansion of invasive Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, combined to its ability to transmit arboviruses (e.g. dengue, chikungunya) is raising major public health concern in Europe. In Switzerland, the mosquito is firmly established in most urban areas of the Canton of Ticino, south of the Alps, and there is a real risk that it will colonize also urban areas north of the Alps in the next years. The spatial distribution and colonization of new areas by Ae. albopictus depends on several environmental parameters, such as winter and summer temperatures, and precipitation patterns. A key factor for Ae. albopictus to establish at higher latitudes is the capability to develop cold-tolerant overwintering diapausing eggs under specific environmental conditions. Weather-driven abundance models are used to map the areas of potential distribution and to predict temporal dynamics of Ae. albopictus and the transmission potential of arboviruses. This contribution presents the designed system that integrates low-cost and on-line IoT sensors to monitor temperature, humidity and light with istSOS an OGC Sensor Observation Service server implementation with a user friendly interface and rich feature collection to easily manage this sensor network and distribute data in a standard way (www.istsos.org).