CNN-BASED PLACE RECOGNITION TECHNIQUE FOR LIDAR SLAM
- Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, 470 Hitchcock Hall, 2070 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Keywords: Lidar, Global descriptor, Deep learning, Place recognition
Abstract. Place recognition or loop closure is a technique to recognize landmarks and/or scenes visited by a mobile sensing platform previously in an area. The technique is a key function for robustly practicing Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) in any environment, including the global positioning system (GPS) denied environment by enabling to perform the global optimization to compensate the drift of dead-reckoning navigation systems. Place recognition in 3D point clouds is a challenging task which is traditionally handled with the aid of other sensors, such as camera and GPS. Unfortunately, visual place recognition techniques may be impacted by changes in illumination and texture, and GPS may perform poorly in urban areas. To mitigate this problem, state-of-art Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs)-based 3D descriptors may be directly applied to 3D point clouds. In this work, we investigated the performance of different classification strategies utilizing a cutting-edge CNN-based 3D global descriptor (PointNetVLAD) for place recognition task on the Oxford RobotCar dataset.