International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Volume XLIV-M-1-2020
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLIV-M-1-2020, 985–992, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLIV-M-1-2020-985-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLIV-M-1-2020, 985–992, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLIV-M-1-2020-985-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  24 Jul 2020

24 Jul 2020

RESIDENTIAL EARTHEN ARCHITECTURE IN MULA (SPAIN): STUDY AND CATALOGUING OF ITS CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE

F. J. López Martínez1, V. La Spina2, and J. Fernández del Toro3 F. J. López Martínez et al.
  • 1Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, Spain
  • 2Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Spain
  • 3Ayuntamiento de Mula, Murcia, Spain

Keywords: Residential habitat, Earthen architecture, Construction techniques, Mula

Abstract. The city of Mula (Region of Murcia, Spain), of Islamic origin and built on the top of a hill, is dominated by the spectacular Renaissance castle of Velez and a mediaeval defensive wall. The wall remains, those still standing, consist of several enclosures and sections built in rammed earth. As many of these are a magnificent example of defensive earthen architecture, the Castle of Mula has been widely analysed and recently protected by a Master Plan. However, Mula’s unique old town, an Asset of Cultural Interest in the category of Historic-Artistic Complex, with its irregular and narrow streets at the foot of the castle, includes residential constructions (mansions, palaces and humble dwellings) made with earth. The traditional residential architecture of Mula includes characteristic 2- or 3-storey buildings with sloping roofs. However, there are no specific studies on these and the use of earth as a construction material. The main aim of the study therefore is to carry out an initial identification and cataloguing of the different earthen construction techniques in the historic residential buildings of the old town and their relation to the residential typology of Mula.