THE ROLE OF DIGITIZATION IN POST-DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION
- Dept of Civil, Construction-Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of L’Aquila, Italy
Keywords: Digitization, BIM, Construction, Stakeholders, Post-disaster reconstruction
Abstract. Nowadays, it is well known that digitization has tenaciously become part of the construction industry. The document is aimed at being an analysis of the state of the art, focusing on the digitization application in post-disaster reconstruction. The new technologies have influenced all the actors involved to adapt to a new designing way, but this methodology brings with itself advantages and disadvantages. This paper will try to identify, clarify and review them. In fact, it will try to explain to what extent the logic related to the design and construction of the post-disaster area may be guided by a single common thread, that consists in the Building Information Modelling (BIM) methodology use. Through this methodology it is possible to reduce time and improve costs, thanks to the possibility to optimize the design and construction processes and to carry out virtual inspections and analysis based on the information from the construction phases. In addition, the various BIM tools, that allow interoperability, guarantee a semi-automatic review of the project's compliance with regulations and interference between the different design levels (structural, architectural, plant engineering and energy). In this way, there is the chance to improve the accuracy and reliability of the validation process. The entire process is also based on a multidisciplinary approach involving all branches of engineering.