FUSION OF THE OPTICAL AND RADAR IMAGES OF THE LAND SURFACE IN MULTI-POSITION ON-BOARD SYSTEMS FOR OPERATIONAL MONITORING
- 1Saint Petersburg Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia
- 2State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Keywords: image fusion, pixel clustering, multi-angle images, homogeneous images, heterogeneous images, remote sensing
Abstract. The issues of image fusion in a two-position small-size radar on-board operational monitoring system are considered. The aim of present research is to develop a method for fusion of images of the land surface based on data obtained from a multi-sensor spatially distributed on-board location system implemented on the basis of a UAV. The method of combining different-angle location images is implemented iteratively. At each iteration, there is a search for pairs of points of the contour of the isolated areas. Areas are highlighted using two image segmentation methods. The final result is a proposed method for information fusion from a two-position on-board small-sized radar system and an optical location system. The implemented method of fusion makes it possible to increase the information content, quality and reliability of information about the observed underlying surfaces and the physical objects detected on them. The practical significance of the results obtained lies in the formation of integral information in real time in the interests of environmental reconnaissance, monitoring in hard-to-reach and dangerous places for human life, as well as in order to promptly prevent natural and man-made emergencies.