DEFINING A METHODOLOGY FOR INTEGRATING SEMANTIC, GEOSPATIAL, AND TEMPORAL TECHNIQUES FOR CONFLICT ANALYSIS
- 1Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), The Sapienza University of Rome, Via Ariosto, 25, 00185 Roma RM, Italy
- 2Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICA) Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milan, Italy
Keywords: Semantic Analysis, Conflict Analysis, Geospatial Analysis, Temporal Analysis, QGIS
Abstract. Globally, the absolute number of war deaths has been declining since 1946. And yet, conflict and violence are currently on the rise, with many conflicts today waged between non-state actors such as political militias, criminal, and international terrorist groups. Unresolved regional tensions, a breakdown in the rule of law, absent or co-opted state institutions, illicit economic gain, and the scarcity of resources exacerbated by climate change, have become dominant drivers of conflict (UN. A new era of conflicts, 2022).
In the ear of modern technology, data science, machine learning, and AI, the available shall be used to analyze, understand and possibly predict the possibility of conflicts outbreaks in various parts of the world. Moreover, it should provide tools for political scientists to a deeper understanding of political processes and enhance their decision-making processes.
This paper focuses on applying data science techniques to process and analyze data in three various data analysis domains: Semantic, Geospatial, and Temporal Analysis. It provides the possible sources of the conflict and other datasets used for the analytics mentioned above. The data is used for research and experimental purposes only. These analytical processes provide the mechanisms to discover the historical data and identify the potential causes of the conflicts.