URBAN ECOLOGICAL SPACE CHANGES OF 338 PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITIES IN CHINA FROM 2016 TO 2017 WITH HIGH-PRECISION URBAN BOUNDARY AND LAND COVER DATA
- 1Institute of photogrammetry and remote sensing, Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing, China
- 2National Quality Inspection and Testing Center for Surveying and Mapping Products, Beijing, China
Keywords: Urban ecological space, National Geoinformation Survey, Land cover change, Spatial analysis, Prefecture-level cities of China
Abstract. Urban ecological space is a significant factor for sustainable urban development and ecological civilization construction. Traditional urban ecological space analysis mainly used medium-resolution image data at large scales and used high-resolution images at a typical urban scale. Few studies focused on the high-precision ecological space analysis at a national urban scale. In this study, high-precision urban boundary and land cover data were utilized to analyze the urban ecological space change and its reason from 2016 to 2017. Ecological space was extracted and merged from high-precision land cover data, which came from the National Geoinformation Survey data of China. Results showed that in 2017, the total urban ecological space area of 338 prefecture-level cities in China was 8514.2 square kilometers, accounting for 22.4% of the total urban area, which was far below the threshold of 40% for evaluating the urban green coverage in China. Urban ecological space of 184 cities declined. There were four principal reasons for the decrease of urban ecological space. First, the green space supporting the buildings was occupied. Second, the green landscape space near rivers and lakes was occupied. Third, blocks of woodland were occupied. Fourth, the water area was occupied. The reduced urban ecological space was mainly changed into construction sites, structures, and buildings. Urban ecological space of China was seriously insufficient, and it was heavily occupied. Adequate ecological space should be preserved not only in new urban development areas but also in the old urban areas to ensure people a more comfortable living environment.