ANALYSIS AND DETECTION OF WILDFIRES BY USING PRISMA HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY
Keywords: PRISMA, hyperspectral imagery, fire detection, multiclass classification, convolutional neural network
Abstract. This paper deals with the analysis and detection of wildfires by using PRISMA imagery. Precursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa (Hyperspectral Precursor of the Application Mission, PRISMA) is a new hyperspectral mission by ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Italian Space Agency) launched in 2019. This mission provides hyperspectral images with a spectral range of 0.4–2.5 µm and an average spectral resolution less than 10 nm. In this work, we used the PRISMA hypercube acquired during the Australian bushfires of December 2019 in New South Wales. The analysis of the image is presented considering the unique amount of information contained in the continuous spectral signature of the hypercube. The Carbon dioxide Continuum-Interpolated Band Ratio (CO2 CIBR), Hyperspectral Fire Detection Index (HFDI), and Normalized Burn Index (NBR) will be used to analyze the informative content of the image, along with the analysis of some specific visible, near-infrared and shortwave-infrared bands. A multiclass classification is presented by using a I-dimensional convolutional neural network (CNN), and the results will be compared with the ones given by a support vector machine classifier reported in literature. Finally, some preliminary results related to wildfire temperature estimation are presented.