BIDIRECTIONAL REFLECTANCE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION (BRDF) OF MIXED PIXELS
- Dept. of Mapping and Geoinformation Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 32000, Israel
Keywords: Remote sensing, Spectral unmixing, BRDF, Hyperspectral imaging, Semi-empirical models, Linear mixture model
Abstract. Hyperspectral imaging is crucial for a variety of land-cover mapping and analyzing tasks. The available large number of reflected light measurements along a wide range of wavelengths allows for distinguishing between different materials under various conditions. Though, several effects bear an undesired variability within hyperspectral images and increase the complexity of interpreting such data. Two of the most significant effects in this regard are the BRDF and the spectral mixture. Due to the first, the acquisitions geometrical and viewing conditions influences the measured spectral signature of a surface to a large extent. On the other hand, because of the typical low spatial resolution of remotely sensed images, each pixel can contain more than one material. Despite much research addressing either the BRDF effect and ways to correct it or the spectral unmixing, too few works considered these two effects' mutual influence. In this work, we study the BRDF of mixed pixels and present preliminary insights of testing a strategy to correct its undesired impact on the data by incorporating the EMs fractions within an unmixing-based semi-empirical correction model. Experimental results using real laboratory data acquired under controlled conditions clearly show the significant improvement of the corrected reflectance results through the proposed model.