CONCEPT TO ANALYZE THE DISPLACEMENT TIME SERIES OF INDIVIDUAL PERSISTENT SCATTERERS
Keywords: Persistent Scatterer Interferometry, Sentinel-1, Time Series Analysis, Surface Deformation Patterns
Abstract. Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) exploits a time series of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images to estimate the mean velocity with which the surface of the earth is deforming. However, most PSInSAR algorithms estimate the mean velocities using a linear regression model. Since some deformation phenomena can exhibit a more complex behavior over time, using a linear regression model leads to potentially wrong estimations for the mean velocity. For example, the velocity of a landslide moving down a steep slope can change depending on the water content of the material of the landslide, or an inactive landslide can reactivate due to an earthquake. Both scenarios would not result in a time series with a constant linear slope but in a piecewise linear time series.
This paper presents a Matlab-based tool to analyze an individual Persistent Scatterer (PS) time series. The Persistent Scatterer Deformation Pattern Analysis Tool (PSDefoPAT) aims to build a mathematical model that sufficiently describes the time series trend and seasonal and noise components. The trend component is estimated using polynomial regression and piecewise linear models, while a sine function approximates the seasonal component. The goal is to identify the best fitting model for the displacement time series of a PS. PSDefoPAT is introduced by examine the time series of three different PS located in the region surrounding Patras, Greece. Based on the derived models, we discuss the nature of their deformation patterns.