The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Volume XLIII-B3-2020, 2020 – Keyword index

Volume XLIII-B3-2020, 2020 – Keyword index

A

ALS AMSR2 ASTER AZERSKY Abandoned agricultural land Ablation Study Absolute Localization Accuracy Accuracy Analysis Accuracy Assessment Accuracy assessment Active learning Aerial Imagery Aerial Photogrammetry Aerosol Optical Depth Aerosols Aerosols Optical Properties Agricultural Drought Agricultural Mapping Agricultural Stress Agriculture monitoring Agroforestry Ahmedabad Air quality Airborne Laser Scanning Airborne LiDAR Airborne Survey Amazon Forest Ancient men of physics Anomaly Detection Ant Colony Optimization Antarctica Anthropogenic activities Apollo 11 Arabian Sea Arctic Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence (AI) Artificial Neural Network Artificial Neural Network method Asphalt Pavement Atlantic Canada Atmosphere Atmospheric Correction Autoencoders Automated Classification Automated Labeling Auxiliary label field absorption mechanism active reflectors aerial image aerial imagery agriculture airborne geophysics and Random Forest Classifier area-based approach artificial intelligence attribute profiles automated change detection automatic identification system autonomous detection of asteroids/comets

B

B-spline BFAST monitor Bangui city Barcelona Metropolitan Region Benchmark Bias-Corrected FCM algorithm Big Data Binocular vision Bird eye’s view Block Adjustment Block Similarity Measure Block-Matching And 3D Filtering Blocked NDV Brazilian Legal Amazon Bridge Built-up Indices Bushfire Fuel bathymetry building deformation building extraction buildings change detection bush encroachment monitoring

C

CA Markov Modeling CNN CNN Architecture Optimization Calibration Cameroon Canonical Correlation Forests Capacity Building Cartographic Coordinates Cartographic Generalization Catalogue Cellular Automata Cellular Automata (CA) Contiguity Filters Center Loss Central agriculture region Cerrado Cerrado Biome Change Detection Change characteristics Change detection Change – Detection Chang’e-4 Chang’e-5 Check Content China's First Civil Stereo Imaging Satellites China's Third National Land Survey Chlorophyll-a Concentration Classes Change Classification Classification method Climate Change Close-range photogrammetry Cloud Classification Cloud Shadow Detection Cloud Shadow Probability Cloud-Free NDVI CloudCompare Clouds Co-registration Coaxiality Coding theorem Coherence Combined Measurement Uncertainty Model Compression ratio Concrete Pavement Condition Random Field Conjugate Points Convolutional Networks Convolutional Neural Network Convolutional Neural Networks Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) Convolutional neural network Coordinate Frames Coordinate Systems Copernicus Coranking matrix Corner Reflector Corresponding features Crater Crater Distribution Crater Morphology Crop Mapping Crop Yield Crop abandonment Crop classification Crop growth parameters Crop lodging Crop monitoring Cropping system Crowd-generating data Curvilinear feature extraction Cycle-Consistent Generative Adversarial Networks Cylinder Position capsule convolutional networks cartography change detection change monitoring changes analysis civil protection exercise classification classifier chains clearcutting cloud detection clustering clusters computer vision techniques convolutional neural networks corp condition crisis management support crop crop quality cyclones

D

DART DDM DEM DINEOF DInSAR DMSP-OLS DOM and DSM Generation DTM DTMs Data Mining Data fusion Data mining Datacubes Dataset Datasets Production Decision Tree Deep Learning Deep Learning (DL) Deep Neural Networks Deep learning Deep-Learning DeepLabv3+ Deeplab Deflection Deforestation Deformation Monitoring Degraded tree Dehesa Denoising Dense Cloud Dense Conventional Neural Network (DCNN) Dense Matching Deosai National Park Descent Imagery Desertification Detection Dezhou Diffuse radiation Digital Elevation Model Digital Elevation Models Digital Surface Model Digital Terrain Model Dimensionality Reduction Dimensionality reduction Direct radiation Disaster Management Disaster Mitigation Disaster mapping Domain Adaptation Drone data processing Dunes Dust Storms Dwelling Detection Dynamic Monitoring Dynamic Time Warping damaged buildings deep learning deep phenotyping deforestation deformation dense image matching descent camera image disaster dissimilarity drill-core hyperspectral data dynamics

E

ESA Sentinel ESRGAN Early classification Earth Observation Earth observation Earthquake East Antarctica Eco-environmental Quality Ecological Degradation Eelgrass mapping Effects on Prediction Results Effects on Predictions Ellipse Fitting Emergency Response Emergency Response Systems Emergency response Entropy Environmental Degradation Environmental Pollution Erosion European Ground Motion Service Evaluation Expected Accuracy of Dense DEM Exploratory Regression Extended Multi-Attribute Profiles (EMAP) earth observation earthquake embedding emergency emergency management encoder-decoder environment exposomics

F

FUSION/LDV FY-3/MERSI FY-3D MWRI FY3B Faster R-CNN Fault mapping Feature Feature Amplification Feature Descriptors Feature Extraction Feature Extraction and Fusion Feature extraction Feature pyramid networks Field spectroscopy Field-of-view prediction Fire Counts Fire Detection Fire Station First-year Ice Fixed Threshold Fixed wing Flavescence dorée grapevine disease Flood Flood Mapping Flow Permanence Food security Force factor Forest Fire Forest cover type Forest disturbance Forest fire Forestry Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR) Fractional woody vegetation cover Fram Strait Free and Open Source Software Freeze-thaw Frost Heave Full Waveform Fully Convolutional Network Fundamental Geographical National Monitoring Fundamental geographical conditions monitoring Fuzzy C-Means Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation fast adaptive bilateral feature profiles field boundary detection flexible manipulator arm forest inventory forest metrics forest recovery fractional order derivative full waveform fully convolutional networks fusion fuzzy C-means

G

GB SAR GEE GIS GIS and GPS) GIS-based Data Management GIS-based Monitoring GLASS GLCM GNSS GNSS signal GOME-2 GPP GWR Gaofen-5 satellite Gap filling Gaussian Generative adversarial networks GeoIME GeoRVS Geobia Geodetic Control Geological Disasters Geological disaster Geometric Accuracy Evaluation Geometric Quality Assessment Geophysical exploration Geospatial Information Geospatial Information Technologies Geospatial Techniques Global warming GlobeLand30 GlobeLand30 Update Data GoogLeNet Google Earth Google Earth Engine Google earth Google earth engine Grassland detection Greenland Grey Level Co-occurrence Guangdong google earth image grasses

H

H/α Wishart classification HLS dataset Hazard Reduction Burning Haze Heavy metal Hebei Plain Height Constraint Hierarchical Classification Hierarchical Clustering Hierarchical segmentation tree High Resolution High resolution High spatial resolution image High-Humid Urban Condition High-precision historical images High-precision map Hong Kong Horizontal Accuracy Assessment Horticultural Crop Assessment Hydrological and Hydrodynamic models Hydrological and hydrodynamic modelling Hydrological models Hygroscopic Growth Hyperspectral Hyperspectral Imagery Hyperspectral Imaging Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Image classification Hyperspectral images Hyperspectral imaging Hyperspectral remote sensing health helicopter hi-res imagery hierarchical high-order capsule features high-resolution high-resolution image high-resolution remote sensing imagery histogram bimodal method hydrocarbon indirect detection hyperspectral hyperspectral change detection hyperspectral data hyperspectral image processing hyperspectral image registration hyperspectral imagery

I

ICESat-2 IOCG mineralisation ISO9001 Ice-penetrating radar (IPR) Image Analysis Image Classification Image Matching Image Processing Image Registration Image classification Image matching Image processing Image quality Image segmentation Improved Tillage Homogenization Model (T-H) Individual Tree Infectious Disease Information theory Inner Mongolia Insect pest Inspection Content Inspection Method Instance Segmentation Instruction Code of Building Integration Intensity Normalization Inter-comparisons Interferometric Coherence Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS) Inversion ice dynamics image deblocking image differencing image fusion image instantiation image processing image pyramid image segmentation image spectroscopy images infrastructure monitoring internal layering continuity index (ILCI) interval partial least squares regression inundation area ionosphere variability irradiance correction

L

LAI LAStools LISA LISS-IV LULC LULC Change LULC mapping LULCC Prediction Land Cover Land Cover Displacements Land Cover Mapping Land Subsidence Land Subsidence Monitoring Land Surface Temperature Land Type Database Land Use Land Use Classification Land Use Land Cover Land Use and Land Cover Land Use and Land Cover Change LUCC Land cover change Land cover classification Land cover map Land slide Land suitability analysis Land use Land use change Land use/ land cover Land use/Land cover Landcover/Use Landsat Landsat 8 Landsat 8 OLI Landsat imagery Landsat images Landsat-8 Landslide Landslide Susceptibility Mapping Lane Marking Extraction Large scale Large-scale dataset Laser Altimetry Laser scanner LiDAR LiDAR data LiDAR data quality analysis LiDAR point clouds LiDAR survey data validation Lidar Ranging Lizixi basin Local Moran I Logistic Regression Long-period magnetotelluric Long-term Lunar Exploration Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment Lunar Surface Sampling Luojia 1-01 laboratory spectroscopy land change model (LCM) land cover mapping land use and land cover (LULC) land-cover landscape metrics large-scale lidar light light environment lunar exploration

M

MCVA Method MEDALUS MERIS MODIS MSG SEVIRI MWRI Macao Machine Leaning Machine Learning Machine Learning (MS) Machine learning Magnetic Susceptibility Main structure Maize Major surveying and mapping projects Manifold learning Mantle structure Mapping Marine Habitats Mars Mars Express Mars mapping Mask R-CNN Mathematical Morphology Maximum Likelihood Meandering Medical Cartography Meteorological Drought Methane Micro-topography Microwave Microwave Brightness Temperature Midline Vector Mini-basins Minimal Learning Machine Mining site Mobile mapping system Modelling Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Mongolia Monitoring Monitoring and Management Monocular Images Monocular Vision Moon Morphometric Attributes Motion Tracking Mountainous areas Multi Sensor Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) neural network Multi-Sensor Multi-Spectral Remote Sensing Multi-Temporal Multi-resolution Multi-scale Building Map Multi-source data Multi-temporal datasets Multi-temporal satellite images Multi-track Multimodal images Multiple Representations Multiray Photogrammetry Multiscale analysis Multiscale segmentation Multispectral Multispectral Imagery Multispectral Lidar Multispectral remote sensing Multitask Learning Multitemporal Multitemporal Analysis Muti-feature machine learning mangrove manifold learning mapping maritime domain awareness melt pond fraction metastability mineral liberation analysis mineral mapping mining subsidence mobile LiDAR monitoring multi-hazard multi-label classification multi-spectral classification multi-view images multilevel image description multispectral multispectral imagery

N

NASA GES data NDRE NDVI NDWI index NIR camera NIR movie NSBAS National Geoinformation Survey Data of China National Spatial Infrastructure Natural Forest Natural Hazards Natural fire Natural resources Neighborhood Selection Neural Networks Nighttime lights Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Non-Photosynthetic Vegetation Nonlinear intensity differences North Asian Steppe North West Himalaya Numerical Iterations nadir imagery natural disaster night time

O

OBIA OCO-2 Oak decline Object Detection Object – Based Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA) Object-based Markov random field Object-based approach Object-based classification Oil Spill Omnidirectional Open Data Optical Optical Satellite Images Optical imagery Optical remote sensing Optimum Path Generation Orbital Imagery Ordu (Turkey) Oriented Vehicle Detection Orthogonal Autoencoders Orthoimages Orthorectification Oversampling Data Augmentation object space optical satellite images orthoimage

P

PAZ PM2.5 prediction; long short-term memory neural network; multi-layer perception; spatiotemporal dependency PSInSAR PVA-Net Pakistan Parameter Estimation Parameter Generation Network Parameters Extraction Passive Microwave Passive Microwave Images Path planning Pays of Brest (France) Perennial Drainage Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Phase Congruency Phenology Photogrammetry Phytoplankton bloom Phytostabilization Picea abies Pine Wilt Disease Pixel Database Pixel-based Planetary Rotation Planetary Spatial Data Infrastructure Planetary photogrammetry Planning Point Cloud Classification Point Cloud Processing Point cloud Point cloud classification Polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) Poplar plantations Portugal Pose Estimation Positive holes Post-classification comparison Potential and Actual Soil Erosion Precipitation Precise Earth-Moon distance Precision Agriculture Precision analysis Precision viticulture Princess Elizabeth Land Principal Component Principal Component Analysis Principal component analysis Principle Component Analysis Problem-oriented PsInsar panchromatic pansharpening passive reflectors photogrammetry plant height precise point positioning

Q

Qingdao Quality Characteristics Quality Control Quality Evaluation Quality Improvement Quality Inspection Quality Requirements Quality control Quality control content Quality control method Quality control system Quality management system Quantification QuickBird quality control

R

RADARSAT-2 RTK RUSLE Radar Radiative Transfer Radio Echo Sounding Radiometric Transformation Radiometric calibration Rainfall Random Forest Random Forest Regression Random Forests Random Projection Random forest algorithm Random forests Rapid mapping method Recognition Reconstruction Recurrent Neural Networks Reflectance Reflectance Retrieval Region Growing Algorithm Regional planning authority Registration Regression Remodeling camera Remote Sensing Remote Sensing (RS) Remote Sensing Drought Index Remote Sensing Ecological Index Remote Sensing Image Classification Remote Sensing Image Retrieval Remote sensing Remote sensing imagery Remote sensing interpretation Rendering Repeat-pass InSAR Residue Burning Results quality evaluation Rice Riparian Vegetation Road Extraction Road Intersection Road extraction Road side tree Rotation forests Rover Rover-based Imagery radar radar interferometry radiate pine random forest rapid monitoring recursive reflective domain relation network remote sensing remote sensing imagery reproducibility retrieval algorithm robust PCA roughness rural area

S

SAR SAR Intensity SAR polarimetry SASI SDB SDGs SGM algorithm SIF SIMBIO-SYS SLIC SLICO SMOS SNPP-VIIRS SPI SSD STW-TSM SVM SWIR Sand Dunes Sand Mitigation Sarbagita Satellite Satellite Orthophotos Satellite Remote Sensing Satellite remote sensing Scale Invariance Sea Ice Sea Ice Concentration Seasonally Frozen Soil Segmentation Semantic Segmentation Semantic segmentation Sentinel 1 Sentinel 2 Sentinel data Sentinel satellite Sentinel-1 Sentinel-1A Sentinel-2 Sentinel-2 satellite Sentinels SfM SfM-MVS Shannon entropy Shape Analysis Shape Context Descriptor Shenzhen City Shoreline Simplified Spectral Patterns Simulated Asteroid Singrauli region Sinuosity Index Siweiearth Slope Deformation Small Baseline Subset Snow Depth Social Media Software development Soil Moisture Soil Survey Soil and Water Loss Solar System Sorghum South Africa Soybean Space strategy Spatial Planning of National Land Spatial Resolution Spatial Transformation Spatial analysis Spatial planning Spatio-temporal Spatiotemporal variation Speckle Noise Spectral Feature Extraction Spectral Linear Transformation Spectral resampling Spectral-spatial Classification Spot-6 Stacked Feature Point Stand age Stereo Subsidence Suitable area for cropland Super-Resolution Superpixel Superpixel segmentation Supervised Classification Support Vector Machine Surface Area Volume Ratio Surface Reconstruction Surface fitting Susceptibility map Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goals Sustainable agriculture Synthetic Aperture Radar Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sample return scan-angle seasonal changes self organizing map semantic segmentation semi-global matching sentinel-2 shallow water shifting cultivation shoreline soil heavy metal space satellite images spatial-spectral spatiotemporal metrics species mapping spectral angle spectral relations spectral separability spectral significant features spectral unmixing subsurface tile lines surface estimation synthetic aperture radar

T

TDS-1 TLS-QSM method Tectonic fault and fractures Temperate forests Temporal Stability Index Temporal change analysis Temporary surface water TerraSAR-X Terrain Terrestrial Laser Scanning Texture Theory of Relativity Thermal Thermal Anomaly Thermal Environment Thermal Power Plants Thermal data Threshold Image Segmentation Time Series Time Series InSAR Time Steps/Image Intervals Time series data Time-Series Time-series TomatOD Topographic Analysis Topographic Mapping Topographical Database update Total Sky Imager Transfer Learning Tree vitality Tree volume Tree-detection Tropical Cyclone Two Stage Detection terrain reconstruction terrestrial laser scanner texture analysis thermal infrared camera three-dimensional real-scene time time series topographic mapping topography total electron content tourism traffic sign transfer learning tree point cloud data tree representation tundra two-step Threshold Method