CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXTURE INDEX OF DAMAGED BUILDINGS USING TIME-SERIES HIGH-RESOLUTION OPTICAL SATELLITE IMAGES
- Department of Civil Engineering College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Japan
Keywords: disaster, earthquake, damaged buildings, texture analysis, dissimilarity
Abstract. A large-scale disaster has occurred due to the earthquake. In particular, 20% of the world's earthquakes with a magnitude of 6 or more occur near Japan. Damage analysis of buildings by image analysis have been effectively carried out using optical high-resolution satellite images and aerial photograph with spatial resolution of about 2 m or less. In this study, the damaged buildings caused by large-scale and continuous earthquakes in Kumamoto, Japan that occurred in April 2016 was selected as a typical example of damaged buildings. For these earthquake event, the applicability of damage distribution of buildings and recovery/restoration status by texture analysis was examined. The applicability of the representative in the dissimilarity texture analysis methods Gray- Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) method by image interpretation in the case of a large number of collapsed and wrecked buildings in a wide area was assessed. These results suggest that dissimilarity was applicable to the extraction of damaged and removed buildings in the event of such an earthquake. In addition, the analysis results were appropriately evaluated by comparing the field survey results with the image interpretation results of the pan-sharpened image. From these results, we confirmed the effectiveness of texture analysis using time-series high-resolution satellite images in grasping the damaged buildings before and immediately after the disaster and in the restoration situation 1 year after the disaster.