THE OVERSEAS GEOMETRIC ACCURACY VALIDATION OF ZY-3 SATELLITES IMAGES
- 1Land Satellite Remote Sensing Application Center (LASAC), Ministry of Natural Resource (MNR), Beijing, China
- 2Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Austria
- 3National Geographic Department, Ministry of Home Affairs, Lao P.D.R.
Keywords: ZY-3 Satellites, China's First Civil Stereo Imaging Satellites, National Spatial Infrastructure, Geometric Accuracy Evaluation, DOM and DSM Generation
Abstract. With China’s first stereo imaging satellite ZY-3’s successful launch and two satellites networking operation, space remote sensing becomes an important means of data acquisition for survey and mapping, and geographic information updating in China.The updating period of 4D products in China is shortened by one third, the geographic information updating capability was improved more than 2 times.After more than eight years of stable and continued earth observation, ZY-3 statellites data coverage has gradually achieved more than half of the earth land which enables the overseas service for global geospatial application. Focusing on the Chinese domestic mapping applications and services, the data of ZY-3 and other domestic land observation satellites can be real-time pushed and distributed across China through the satellite cloud service platform, and worldwide for facilitating the "Belt and Road" initiative, which is promoted through the GEOSS as well for global application.
This paper presents the overseas geometric accuracy evaluation and validation of ZY-3 satellites images, which was carried out systematically for the first time abroad and complements with China’s mapping evaluation practices to provide a comprehensive technical guidelines for global mapping application. The direct location accuracy of ZY-3 satellites sensor corrected image products were further evaluated and verified cooperating with the University of Vienna, Austria. The location deviations in mountain area and in flat area were analyzed and compared to check the deviation pattern and validate their consistency with the results in China.Utilizing China’s ZY-3 satellites images ranging from 2012–2018, the DSM was generated automatically based on a semiglobal optimization method (Yue et al. 2016) using self-developed software SDP without ground control points but using SRTM data as elevation reference to improve the geometric accuracy. The result shows the elevation accuracy of DSM is 3.19 m (RMSE), satisfying the local requirement for 10m interval contour mapping.The planar accuracy of DOM generated without ground control points utilizing ZY-3 satellites images within 2012–2015 is 2.46 m (RMSE). With 128 orthorectified aerial photo slots provided by NGD of Laos as reference, the planar accuracy of the DOM generated utilizing ZY-3 satellites images from 2016–2018 is 1.65 m (RMSE), which can satisfy the local 1:25000 planar accuracy requirement and overlay with the local 1:2000 transportation data exactly. The overseas geometric accuracy evaluation and validation of ZY-3 satellites images provides a systematic and practical guidance for future global applications by complementing with china’s experience, which would be beneficial to overseas users in acknowledging the usage of ZY-3 satellites data and help to promote it’s global applications.