AUTOMATED MARINE OIL SPILL DETECTION USING DEEP LEARNING INSTANCE SEGMENTATION MODEL
- Geospatial Analysis and Modelling (GAM) Research Group, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP), 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: Oil Spill, Deep Learning, Detection, Mask R-CNN, Instance Segmentation
Abstract. This study developed a novel deep learning oil spill instance segmentation model using Mask-Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Mask R-CNN) model which is a state-of-the-art computer vision model. A total of 2882 imageries containing oil spill, look-alike, ship, and land area after conducting different pre-processing activities were acquired. These images were subsequently sub-divided into 88% training and 12% for testing, equating to 2530 and 352 images respectively. The model training was conducted using transfer learning on a pre-trained ResNet 101 with COCO data as a backbone in combination with Feature Pyramid Network (FPN) architecture for the extraction of features at 30 epochs with 0.001 learning rate. The model’s performance was evaluated using precision, recall, and F1-measure which shows a higher performance than other existing models with value of 0.964, 0.969 and 0.968 respectively. As a specialized task, the study concluded that the developed deep learning instance segmentation model (Mask R-CNN) performs better than conventional machine learning models and semantic segmentation deep learning models in detection and segmentation of marine oil spill.