TRIANGULATION AND TIME-OF-FLIGHT BASED 3D DIGITISATION TECHNIQUES OF CULTURAL HERITAGE STRUCTURES
- Konya Technical University, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 42250 Selcuklu, Konya, Turkey
Keywords: 3D Measurement, Modelling, Optic Measurement, Cultural Heritage Documentation, Point Cloud
Abstract. This study aims to introduce triangulation and ToF measurement techniques used in three-dimensional modelling of cultural heritages. These measurement techniques are traditional photogrammetry, SfM approach, laser scanning and time-of-flight camera. The computer based approach to photogrammetric measurement that is named SfM creates dense point cloud data in a short time. It is low-cost and very easy to application. However traditional photogrammetry needs a huge effort for creating 3D wire-frame model. On the other hand active measurement techniques such as terrestrial laser scanner and time-of-flight camera have also been used in three-dimensional modelling for more than twenty years. Each one has specific accuracy and measurement effectiveness. The large or small structures have different characters, and require proper measurement configurations. In this study, after these methods are introduced, their superior and weak properties in cultural heritage modelling to make high accuracy, high density and labour and cost effective measurement.