APPLICATION OF MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING FOR THE SELECTION OF SENSING TOOLS FOR HISTORICAL GRAVESTONES
- 1Department of Construction Technology and Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania
- 2University of Bamberg, Institute of Archaeology, Heritage Sciences and Art History, Germany
Keywords: photogrammetry, 3D, scanning, Jewish, cemetery, gravestones, inscription, multi-criteria decision making
Abstract. This paper describes a feasibility study for the digitisation of gravestones, specifically Jewish gravestones, alongside an implementation of Multi-Criteria Decision Making. MCDM methods are common in other contexts, and have been used to address issues particular to design, organisation and management of large-scale construction and engineering projects. They are, however, novel in the context of cultural heritage. This paper will examine the potentials of non-contact sensor technologies (including photogrammetry via Structure from Motion, structured light scanning and terrestrial laser scanning) to record, model and archive the stones and their inscriptions. The various methodologies will be assessed against set criteria, specifically speed, resolution, readability and scalability for mass recording, from MCDM including criteria given by humanities scholars in the field of history, theology and Jewish studies.