ANALYSIS OF GULLY EROSION IN A CATCHMENT AREA IN OLIVE GROVES USING UAS PHOTOGRAMMETRY TECHNIQUES
- 1Department of Cartographic, Geodetic and Photogrammetric Engineering, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
- 2Centre for Advanced Studies in Earth Sciences, Energy and Environment, 23071 Jaén, Spain
- 3Department of Geology, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
- 4Department of Physics, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
Keywords: gully erosion, olive groves, UAS, photogrammetry, SfM/MVS
Abstract. An approach based on images captured by means of an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) and Structure from Motion – Multi Video Stereo (SfM-MVS) photogrammetry is presented for the study of the gully erosion in a catchment area of about 16 ha. The study area is located in the province of Jaén (SW Spain) where the main land use is the olive groves. Three UAS flights have been made in April 2019, May 2019 and February 2020 with an average GSD of 2–3 cm. The image processing has been carried out using some field surveyed GNSS ground control points and the RTK positioning of the UAV with errors lower than 0.03 m and 0.04 m in XY and Z, respectively. Then DSMs and orthophotographs were obtained with a resolution of 0.10 m and 0.05 m, respectively, and DSM of differences (DoDs) were calculated, with an uncertainty of about ±0.15 m. Finally, the DoDs were analysed in the GIS, in order to calculate the height differences and volumes between the three flights. The analysis has showed the areas affected by the gully erosion processes that correspond mainly to ground descents due to significant channel erosion and mass movements at the steep sidewalls. Considering the balance between depletion and deposition processes, the average height differences is about −0.03 m and the volume is about −42 m3, that is the depletion predominates. The main changes have been detected in the second period (May 2019–February 2020), while in the first one (April 2019–May 2019) they are practically insignificant and limited to small areas.