FEATURES OF GEODETIC MAINTENANCE FOR WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS IN AZERBAIJAN
- Baku State University, Z.Khalilov Street, Baku, AZ1148, Azerbaijan
Keywords: Water supply, Sewerage system, GIS, Programme support, Geodetic monitoring, Environment, Plan-height positioning
Abstract. Drinking water supply and sewerage system designing and reconstruction projects are being extensively conducted in Azerbaijan Republic. During implementation of such projects, collecting large amount of information about the area and detailed investigations are crucial. Joint use of the aerospace monitoring and GIS play an essential role for the studies of the impact of environmental factors, development of the analytical information systems and others, while achieving the reliable performance of the existing and designed major water supply pipelines, as well as construction and exploitation of the technical installations. With our participation the GIS has been created in “Azersu” OJSC that includes systematic database of the drinking water supply and sewerage system, and rain water networks to carry out necessary geo information analysis. The system software was developed based on “Microstation” platform, which identifies the coordinate system and cartographic projection along with the geo-referencing through direct connection to Google Earth platform.
Should be mentioned that, in the country, specifically in large cities (i.e. Baku, Ganja, Sumqait, etc.,) drinking water supply pipelines cross regions with different physico-geographical conditions, geo-morphological compositions and seismotectonics. Therefore, constant control of the plan-height positioning, geodetic measurements for the detailed examination of the dynamics, repetition of the geodetic measurements for certain time intervals, or in other words regular monitoring is very important. During geodetic monitoring using the GIS has special significance. Given that, collecting geodetic monitoring measurements of the main pipelines on the same coordinate system and processing these data on a single GIS system allows the implementation of overall assessment of plan-height state of major pipes.