USE OF UAS FOR THE CONSERVATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS IN CASE OF EMERGENCIES
- 1Università degli Studi di Genova, DICCA – Laboratory of Geodesy, Geomatics and GIS, Via Montallegro, 1, 16145 Genoa, Italy
- 2Politecnico di Milano, DICA – Geodesy and Geomatics section, Piazza L. da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan, Italy
Keywords: Emergency, Conservation, Safety, UAS Photogrammetry, Oblique Images, TLS
Abstract. The task of conservation and management of cultural heritage is quite central in Italy, which lists a high number of beautiful architectures. A quick and precise survey may be requested in case of calamity. In the present paper, the most commonly used survey techniques are discussed, focusing on their applications for the conservation of the artistic heritage in case of emergency. Particular attention is given to Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) photogrammetry and its potentiality in obtaining good results in terms of speed, cheapness, precision and accuracy, assuring at the same time the safety of the operators in critical situations (e.g. natural disasters). A case study, realized at the Castle of Casalbagliano (Alessandria, Italy), is discussed. Different image block configurations and acquisition geometries (nadiral and oblique images) have been exploited, with the aim of defining useful guidelines for emergencies UAS survey of partially collapsed structures. An application to a significative case study is introduced.