USE OF 3D TECHNOLOGIES WITHIN THE CONSERVATION OF THE ANCIENT WINDOWS OF THE BASILICA OF S. SABINA IN ROME. CONSTRUCTION OF EXHIBITION STANDS IN CARBON COMPOSITE ON A MILLED STRUCTURE
- 1Equilibrarte srl, 00179 Rome, Via Centuripe 34, Italy
- 2Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione e il Restauro, 00153 Rome, via di San Michele 25, Italy
- 3Restauri Brunetto, 36100 Vicenza, Italy
- 4Fabrica Conservazione e Restauro scpl, 00138 Roma, Via Ludovico da Casoria 11, Italy
Keywords: 3-D milling, 3-D modeling, exhibition stands, carbon fiber composite, laser cleaning, fragmented artifact, counterforms, restoration
Abstract. Rare and precious window elements from the Paleochristian Basilica of Saint Sabina in Rome, made of plaster gypsum with translucent selenite used as glass for light transmission, were discovered by Antonio Muñoz during the restoration of the building at the beginning of the 20th c. Originally standing within the stone window frame, were then mounted on wood planks with screws for holding together the scattered fragments. The surfaces were covered with grime and the selenite elements were blinded by the wooden supports.
During the recent conservation treatment at ISCR, traces of Egyptian blue on the internal surfaces were detected. Cleaning with laser allowed their conservation and the removal of gypsum deposits from the fragile selenite.
3-D scanning was performed for milling, out of polystyrene blocks, the counterforms that were needed for turning the artifacts upside down. After cleaning and re-assembling of the fragments, a new 3-D scan was performed to obtain a complete model of the artifacts that was used to define the best orientation of the windows, both for exhibition purposes and for the distribution of the weight-related stresses.
Following a project based on 3-D modeling, exhibition stands were produced with a core material milled out of PET foam, reinforced with outer skins made with carbon fiber adhered under vacuum to the core material with epoxy resin. The new exhibition stands, very light and rigid, permit all-round appreciation of the artifacts and allow the light to shine through the selenite elements.