International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Volume XLII-4
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4, 655–660, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-655-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4, 655–660, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-655-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  19 Sep 2018

19 Sep 2018

EFFECTIVE CARTOGRAPHIC METHODS FOR ASSISTING TACTICS CHOICE AND INDOOR DEPLOYMENTS DURING BUILDING FIRES – A CASESTUDY THE DUTCH FIRE BRIGADE

T. W. T. van der Meer1, E. Verbree2, and P. J. M. van Oosterom2 T. W. T. van der Meer et al.
  • 1MSc Geographical Information Management & Applications (GIMA), Utrecht University, the Netherlands
  • 2GIS Technology, OTB Research Institute for the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands

Keywords: Indoor Cartography, Indoor Geovisualization, Fire Brigade, Mobile GIS, ToggleMaps, Emergency Services

Abstract. Information is key for a safe deployment of the fire brigade. Incorrect judgement could lead to decreased effectivity or even casualties. Because of the risks that are posed by building complexity and modern building materials, the Dutch fire brigade is increasingly hesitant to enter the building during a building fire. While no two building fires are the same and personal judgement of the fire brigade will remain necessary, good information supply could aid the commanders in making the right choices. There are a lot of factors that come into play when choosing strategy, tactics and techniques. An effective information system should present the right and up to date information at the right moment, and it should do so in an intuitive and effective manner. Most cartography research has been done for outdoor applications; indoor cartography is in its infancy. This research aims to develop cartographic methods to aid the Dutch fire brigade during building fire deployments. Based on the requirements of the organization a novel approach is introduced: ToggleMaps. This mobile interface combines a main map pane with a reference pane, both in either 2D or 3D and with either a low or a high level of detail. This allows the user to toggle between two states: a detailed 2D overview of a separate building level with its perspective within the 3D reference map, or a more detailed 3D overview of the whole building with a simplified 2D reference map of his current building level.