CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE INTEGRATION OF BIM TO SEMANTIC WEB TECHNOLOGY
- Department of Manufacturing and Civil Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Keywords: Building Information Modelling (BIM), Semantic Web, Linked Data, Facility Management, Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)
Abstract. The AEC–FM industry (Architecture/Engineering/Construction and Facilities Management) is increasingly using different building information modeling (BIM) methodology to solve complex challenges. With help of Semantic WEB technology, product data models and other relevant information are increasingly linked to BIM models. The article discusses the challenges of existing BIM standards to meet future requirements, to fully utilize semantic technology. The article provides suggestions for further research, and it specifically calls for a more strategic research that can look a bit longer than just the challenges associated with various limited case projects. The article discusses whether existing BIM formats are able to meet future requirements, where the potential in the construction industry to fully utilize semantic web technology is difficult with today's BIM standards. Furthermore, it is suggested that previously developed SW resources should be gathered, then earlier initiatives are easier to find, use and build upon. The literature study shows many initiatives spread across many domains in the AEC-FM area. Most studied articles have a high degree of technological focus, where the semantic web opportunities are tested in a chosen case.The findings of this study can be used as a starting point for further strategic research and development.