MONITORING AND ESTIMATION OF SOIL LOSSES FROM EPHEMERAL GULLY EROSION IN MEDITERRANEAN REGION USING LOW ALTITUDE UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES
Keywords: Soil erosion, Ephemeral gully erosion, Unmanned air vehicle, Agricultural field, Mediterranean region
Abstract. Calculation of gullies by remote sensing images obtained from satellite or aerial platforms is often not possible because gullies in agricultural fields, defined as the temporary gullies are filled in a very short time with tillage operations. Therefore, fast and accurate estimation of sediment loss with the temporary gully erosion is of great importance.
In this study, it is aimed to monitor and calculate soil losses caused by the gully erosion that occurs in agricultural areas with low altitude unmanned aerial vehicles. According to the calculation with Pix4D, gully volume was estimated to be 10.41 m3 and total loss of soil was estimated to be 14.47 Mg. The RMSE value of estimations was found to be 0.89. The results indicated that unmanned aerial vehicles could be used in predicting temporary gully erosion and losses of soil.