The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Articles | Volume XLII-4/W4
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W4, 441–445, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W4-441-2017
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W4, 441–445, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W4-441-2017

  27 Sep 2017

27 Sep 2017

GROUNDWATER EXPLORATION USING FUZZY LOGIC APPROACH IN GIS FOR AN AREA AROUND AN ANTICLINE, FARS PROVINCE

S. Rafati1 and M. Nikeghbal2 S. Rafati and M. Nikeghbal
  • 1Dept. of Geography, Sayyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi University, Assadabad, Hamedan, Iran
  • 2Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Keywords: ground water, explore, fuzzy gamma, anticline

Abstract. In the recent years, the over-use of water resource due to the population growth and industrial developing has become serious. With attention to demand for water, it's essential to explore and evaluate new water resource and mapping its potential. In this paper, a fuzzy set theory, as a knowledge driven approach for map combination, was applied to produce a potential map for ground water resources. To achieve this objective, a variety of spatial data including geology, slope, elevation, drainage, fault and joint were complied. Then fuzzy membership functions were evaluated for each data layer. These data were integrated using the fuzzy γ operator with a value of γ = 0.95. The final map indicates Quaternary formation consists of alluvial deposits near the 200 meter distance from the anti-cline as a suitable area for groundwater resource. Finding out an accurate method which accelerates processing for determining the location of groundwater before drilling is an effective solution leading to save budget and time.