VOLUNTEERED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION (VGI) AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING, A NEW APPROACH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
- 1Urban and Regional Planning, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
- 2Geomatics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), Environmental Monitoring, Citizens’ Participation, Information Communication Technology (ICT), Facilitated VGI (F-VGI)
Abstract. Increasing world population and unprecedented expansion of urbanization in the world has caused many environmental problems. The relationship between man and the environment is bidirectional one that have great short-term and long-term impacts on the cities and regions. The best way to deal with it is the participation of the people themselves. The use of new technologies has now become one of the most important methods for monitoring the environment that can increase the participation of citizens, improving environmental problems to provide the cheapest and the most accessible form. Developing countries such as Iran, which faces enormous environmental problems are suitable for the development of technological methods of monitoring. Large population and citizens’ participation feasibility using VGI can have a positive effect on developing countries. Finally, by using F-VGI that ensures the validity and accuracy of data we can access an appropriate platform that leads us to suitable model for environment monitoring in the form of the application.