THE CONTRIBUTION OF EARTHQUAKES TO THE DEFORMATION OF ZAGROS TECTONIC PROVINCE
- 1Research Institute of Geoinformation Technology, School of Surveying and Geospatial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
- 2Exploration Department, School of Mining Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
- 3School of Surveying and Geospatial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Seismic moment rate, Geodetic moment rate, Shear strain rate, Dilative strain rate, Earthquake magnitude, Velocity vectors of geodynamic network
Abstract. In this study, we investigate the contribution of earthquakes to the deformation of Zagros province and compare the seismicity and the density of earthquakes in different parts of the province. The mathematics used in this research is based on calculations of moment rates. The seismic moment rate is the average amount of seismic energy releases from the tectonic province in each year. The geodetic moment rate is the average amount of energy which is consumed every year to make deformation in Zagros. The ratio of these two moment rates expresses the contribution of earthquakes in making deformation in Zagros province. According to the calculations, this ratio is estimated to be 13.06%. Along with the information obtained from the moment rates, we can also obtain the shear and the dilative strain rates from the strain rate tensors, which show the volumetric changes and the deformation rate in different parts of the Zagros, respectively. The data used in this study include the focal coordinates of the Zagros earthquakes with their magnitude and the velocity vectors of the Zagros geodynamic network, which are used to calculate the seismic and the geodetic moment rates.