ASSESSING AND COMPARING THE PERFORMANCE OF ENDMEMBER EXTRACTION METHODS IN MULTIPLE CHANGE DETECTION USING HYPERSPECTRAL DATA
Keywords: Change Detection, Hyperspectral Images, Unmixing, Endmember, Remote Sensing
Abstract. Endmember extraction is a process to identify the hidden pure source signals from the mixture. Endmember finding has become increasingly important in hyperspectral data exploitation because endmembers can be used to specify unknown particular spectral classes. This paper evaluates the change detection problem in bi-temporal hyperspectral remote sensing images using the unmixing process. A complete spectral unmixing process contains estimating the number of endmembers, endmember extraction and abundance estimation. Endmember extraction is a vital step in spectral unmixing of hyperspectral images. Hyperspectral change detection by unmixing has the potential to provide subpixel information from hyperspectral images. In this study, four methods including Simplex Identification via variable Splitting and Augmented Lagrangian (SISAL), N-finder algorithm (N-FINDR), Vertex Component Analysis (VCA), and Fast algorithm for linearly Unmixing (FUN) are used to produce multiple change detection maps. This paper explores and compares the performance of these methods in multiple change detection. The empirical results reveal the superiority of the FUN method in providing multiple change map with an overall accuracy of 87% and a kappa coefficient of 0.70.