SEISMO-MAGNETIC FIELD ANOMALIES DETECTION USING SWARM SATELLITES (ALPHA, BRAVO AND CHARLIE)
- Remote Sensing Division, School of Surveying and Geospatial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Earthquake, Swarm satellites, Ionosphere, Magnetic field
Abstract. Among the lithospheric, atmospheric and ionospheric earthquake precursors, it seems that the ionospheric anomalies showing a meaningful association with seismic activities during absence of solar and geomagnetic activities. Unfortunately there are a limited number of satellite sensors to survey the ionosphere and study on seismo-ionospheric anomalies. This paper represents the data analysis results of Swarm satellites including Alpha, Bravo and Charlie data around the Mexico (September 8, 2017) earthquake. The orbital analysis and time series of magnetic field parameters (magnetic scalar and vectors (X, Y, Z) components) inside the Dobrovolsky’s area show anomalous variations close to the time and locations of the Mexico earthquake. There is a concavity or convexity variations in the some of the time-series to the centre of the earthquake day. In other words, from about 90 days before the event a decreasing or increasing trend in variations of parameters is observed and exactly after the earthquake day its trend changes. It should be noted that the variations of the solar and geomagnetic indices must indicate a normal behaviour during the observed seismo-ionospheric anomalies. Therefore this study indicates that the Swarm satellites measurements play an undeniable role in progress the studies of the ionospheric precursors.