Volume XLII-4/W14
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W14, 167–174, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W14-167-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W14, 167–174, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W14-167-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  23 Aug 2019

23 Aug 2019

COMPARING INSPIRE AND OPENSTREETMAP DATA: HOW TO MAKE THE MOST OUT OF THE TWO WORLDS

M. Minghini, A. Kotsev, and M. Lutz M. Minghini et al.
  • European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra, Italy

Keywords: Geospatial Data, INSPIRE, Interoperability, OpenStreetMap, Spatial Data Infrastructures, Volunteered Geographic Information

Abstract. The beginning of our century has seen the rise of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) and crowdsourced geographic information projects. This study analyses and compares the most relevant initiatives for Europe in both contexts: INSPIRE, the Directive aiming to establish a pan-European SDI used for environmental policies, and OpenStreetMap (OSM), the largest and richest crowdsourced geospatial database. Similarities and differences, advantages and disadvantages of the two initiatives from an end user perspective are presented for a number of characteristics: underlying approach and governance, spatial scope, data structure and encoding, data access, and licensing framework. Overall, both initiatives have developed specific strengths and have achieved different types and degrees of interoperability, which would make their integration highly beneficial to multiple stakeholders. From the pure technical perspective, such integration is fully enabled by the maturity of the available FOSS4G, which offers specific support for both INSPIRE and OSM resources, also reviewed in the paper.