SOCIAL PRECARIOUSNESS AND ACCESSIBILITY TO THE URBAN TRANSPORT IN THE MEGACITIES, CASE STUDY OF A PERIPHERAL COMMUNE OF CASABLANCA, MOROCCO
- 1Institut National d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme (INAU), Madinat Al Irfane, Rabat, Morocco
- 2Ecole Hassania des Travaux Publics (EHTP), Km 7 Route d'El Jadida, Casablanca, Morocco
- 3Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat (ENTPE), Rue Maurice Audin, Vaulx-en-Velin, France
Keywords: transport, poverty, urban sprawl, Casablanca, GIS, survey
Abstract. The aim of this research is to study the relationship between transportation and poverty. Indeed, the non-existence, lack or weakness of the supply of transport, poor accessibility to the means of transport and thus also to the zones of economic activity for the population can possibly make their economic and social situations more precarious.
As for a study area we chose the city of Errahma at Dar Bouazza Commune as a peripheral areas of Casablanca on which we analyze accessibility to the zones of economic activity in the Casablanca region through Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
To complete our analysis, we conducted a survey of 100 households in the peripheral city. This survey aims to study the difficulty of these households to access economic activity areas as well as the high general cost to pay for their trips.
Our field study confirmed the results obtained by the GIS and shows that choosing to live in a peripheral zone like Errahma can make families poorer because of, among other things, the lack of accessibility to public transport and therefore the lack of accessibility to areas of economic activity.