International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Volume XLII-4/W1
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W1, 351–354, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W1-351-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W1, 351–354, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W1-351-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  30 Sep 2016

30 Sep 2016

INTEGRATING MULTIPLE CRITERIA EVALUATION AND GIS IN ECOTOURISM: A REVIEW

Z. H. Mohd and U. Ujang Z. H. Mohd and U. Ujang
  • Department of Geoinformation, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

Keywords: Ecotourism Development, Multiple Criteria Evaluation, Analytic Hierarcy Process, GIS

Abstract. The concept of 'Eco-tourism' is increasingly heard in recent decades. Ecotourism is one adventure that environmentally responsible intended to appreciate the nature experiences and cultures. Ecotourism should have low impact on environment and must contribute to the prosperity of local residents. This article reviews the use of Multiple Criteria Evaluation (MCE) and Geographic Information System (GIS) in ecotourism. Multiple criteria evaluation mostly used to land suitability analysis or fulfill specific objectives based on various attributes that exist in the selected area. To support the process of environmental decision making, the application of GIS is used to display and analysis the data through Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Integration between MCE and GIS tool is important to determine the relative weight for the criteria used objectively. With the MCE method, it can resolve the conflict between recreation and conservation which is to minimize the environmental and human impact. Most studies evidences that the GIS-based AHP as a multi criteria evaluation is a strong and effective in tourism planning which can aid in the development of ecotourism industry effectively.