NOVEL HYPERSPECTRAL ANOMALY DETECTION METHODS BASED ON UNSUPERVISED NEAREST REGULARIZED SUBSPACE
- 1Key Laboratory for Land Environment and Disaster Monitoring of NASG, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
- 2School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, China
Keywords: Anomaly detection, Hyperspectral imagery, Unsupervised nearest regularized subspace, Outlier Removal, Local summation, Dual-window sliding
Abstract. Anomaly detection has been of great interest in hyperspectral imagery analysis. Most conventional anomaly detectors merely take advantage of spectral and spatial information within neighboring pixels. In this paper, two methods of Unsupervised Nearest Regularized Subspace-based with Outlier Removal Anomaly Detector (UNRSORAD) and Local Summation UNRSORAD (LSUNRSORAD) are proposed, which are based on the concept that each pixel in background can be approximately represented by its spatial neighborhoods, while anomalies cannot. Using a dual window, an approximation of each testing pixel is a representation of surrounding data via a linear combination. The existence of outliers in the dual window will affect detection accuracy. Proposed detectors remove outlier pixels that are significantly different from majority of pixels. In order to make full use of various local spatial distributions information with the neighboring pixels of the pixels under test, we take the local summation dual-window sliding strategy. The residual image is constituted by subtracting the predicted background from the original hyperspectral imagery, and anomalies can be detected in the residual image. Experimental results show that the proposed methods have greatly improved the detection accuracy compared with other traditional detection method.