DISASTER EMERGENCY RAPID ASSESSMENT BASED ON REMOTE SENSING AND BACKGROUND DATA
- Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Keywords: Rapid Assessment, Remote Sensing, GIS, Disaster
Abstract. The period from starting to the stable conditions is an important stage of disaster development. In addition to collecting and reporting information on disaster situations, remote sensing images by satellites and drones and monitoring results from disaster-stricken areas should be obtained. Fusion of multi-source background data such as population, geography and topography, and remote sensing monitoring information can be used in geographic information system analysis to quickly and objectively assess the disaster information. According to the characteristics of different hazards, the models and methods driven by the rapid assessment of mission requirements are tested and screened. Based on remote sensing images, the features of exposures quickly determine disaster-affected areas and intensity levels, and extract key disaster information about affected hospitals and schools as well as cultivated land and crops, and make decisions after emergency response with visual assessment results.