ASSESSMENT OF GRASSLAND HEALTH BASED ON SPATIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CHANGJI AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE, XINJIANG
- 1College of Resource and Environment Science, Xinjiang University, Shengli Road 666, Urumchi, China
- 2Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Ministry of Education, Shengli Road 666, Urumchi, China
- 3Institute of Arid Ecology and Environment Xinjiang University, Shengli Road 666, Urumchi, China
- 4Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Grassland Station, Yan'er Wo Road 618, Urumchi, China
Keywords: Health assessment, PSR model, RS technology, GIS technology, Entropy method
Abstract. Based on the “pressure-state-response” (PSR) model, comprehensively applied GIS and RS techniques, 20 evaluation indicators were selected based on pressure, state and response, the entropy weight method was used to determine the weight of each index and build a grassland health evaluation system in Changji Prefecture, Xinjiang. Based on this, evaluation and dynamic analysis of grassland health in Changji Prefecture from 2000 to 2016, using GIS/RS technology, the trend of grassland health status in Changji is analyzed and studied. The results show that: 1) Grassland with low health leveld, lower health level, sub-health level, health level and high health level accounts for 1.46 %,27.67 %,38.35 %,29.21 % and 3.31 % of the total area of Changji. Qitai County, Hutubi County, and Manas County are lower health levels, Jimsar County, Changji City, and Mulei County are at a relatively high level, and Fukang City has a healthy level of health. 2) The level of grassland health in Changji County decreased slightly during the 17 years, accounting for 38.42 % of the total area. The area of 23,87 % showed a stable trend, and the improved area accounted for 37.31 % of the vertical surface area.