ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
- Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Geodesy, University of Split, Matice hrvatske 15, 21000 Split, Croatia
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, machine learning, geospatial analysis, disaster management, remote sensing
Abstract. For quick and efficient response, as well as for recovery after any natural or artificial catastrophe, one of the most important things are accurate and reliable spatial data in real or near real-time. It is essential to know the location as well as to track and analyse passive and active threats to quickly identify the possible dangers and hazards. As technology evolves and advances, there is a broader spectrum of sensors that provide spatial data, and nowadays, decision-making processes also include nontraditional, informal sources of information. Apart from the offer, demand for new spatial data is increasing as well. For quicker and enhanced integration and analysis of data, artificial intelligence (AI) tools are increasingly used which, in addition to immediate rapid reactions, can help to make better and smarter decisions in the future. Such software algorithms that imitate human intelligence can help in generating conclusions from natural phenomena presented by spatial data. Using AI in the data analysis can identify risk areas and determine future needs. This paper presents an overview of the use of AI in geospatial analysis in disaster management.